Blinking snake


God N, reversed

Mayabg 2000 Help

God N

Mayabg is a program from God N Locomotive Works logo (God N Locomotive Works) to set and control wallpaper for the desktop window on Windows (95, 98, ME, NT, 2000 and XP); it is a 32-bit client, and will not run under Windows 3.1. It displays a main window showing, in stela format, the current date; the stela window does not show all details of the Mayan date, but the main features are there.

Mayabg display, normal version To the right Next, right is the normal, stela display, showing the ISIG,, the Long Count, the tzolkin, the haab and the ruling Lord of the Night.
Mayabg display, full captioned version

Above Up, above is the captioned display, showing the English translation of the date, including positional information not found on the stela display. (If the images overlap, you may need to widen your browser window.)
To see a shot of what mayabg looks like in use, click here.


The desktop wallpaper can be chosen from a large number of options, in either color bitmaps or in an “engraved” format that is supposed to look something like carved slate. Samples will be shown later.

By default, mayabg places itself in the center of the screen, without a caption bar and without an icon appearing in your taskbar. Menu options allow you to select a left or right placement in addition to the default center location. There are many other options, all of which are discussed in the topics listed below. 
Click On: For Information About:
Installing Mayabg Installing Mayabg
Mayabg Display Organization and interpretation of the mayabg display
Using Mayabg Using Mayabg
Color Editor and Color Choices Using the Color Editor
Samples of the Wallpaper Glyphs Samples of all the glyphs you can choose for wallpaper
Packing List of Glyphs Included Packing list showing all the glyphs included with mayabg
Troubleshooting The gotchas
Changing Your BITS Directory How to change where mayabg finds its bitmaps
Mayan Chronology Chronology of the Mayan civilization
The Mayan Calendar A basic introduction to the Mayan calendar.
References References
How to Contact the Author How to Contact the Author
Acknowledgments Acknowledgments


Using Mayabg

Using mayabg is extremely simple, and the best way is place a link to it it into your startup group; to start immediately, just double-click on the Moon goddess icon. There are no command-line arguments.

Once it is running, you can leave mayabg alone if you wish. To do more, however, you should click with the right mouse-button anywhere in the display, which will display a pop-up menu: 
Mayabg showing right-click menu Click On:
3-D Stone Bitmaps
Color Bitmaps
Tile Wallpaper
Center Wallpaper
Stretch Wallpaper

Veintena
Trecena
Trecena, Head Variants
Lords of the Night
Haab Month
Haab Day
Haab Day, Head Variants
Patron Gods
64x64 Initial Series
128x128 Initial Series
192x192 Initial Series
256x256 Initial Series
None

Show/Hide Caption Bar
Show/Hide Taskbar Button
Display Left/Right/Center
Display Left Edge/Right Edge

About
Help
Exit

for more information.


Installing Mayabg

Installing mayabg is even simpler than running it.   Simply unzip mayabg.zip using winzip or pkunzip, making sure that you use the “Use Folder Names” option, anyplace that you like.  You will have a Bits directory wherever you unzipped it, and in that directory are all the files required to support mayabg:  this help file and supporting GIF and JPEG images, mayabg.exe, a couple of DLLs, and countless Windows BMP files.  Please see the section Samples of the Wallpaper Glyphs for the annotated packing lists of all the BMP files, which are the Mayan glyphs needed by the program.
Once you have the Bits directory, simply place a link to Bits\mayabg.exe into your startup group. You can start mayabg immediately by double-clicking on theMoon goddess icon; after it has been started, just right-click on the display window (the stela) to see and use the menu.


Organization and Interpretation of the Mayabg Display

Mayabg with annotations
The normal display.

Term Meaning
ISIG Initial Series Introductory Glyph; the central element of the upper part of this glyph shows the Patron God of the current Haab month. Here, since the month is “Kankin,” the Patron God is the “God K Monster”.
12 The face of the god of number 12; the number of baktuns that have elapsed since 4 ’Ahaw 8 Kumk’u.
Baktun The Maya word was probably “pi” or “pih”; 144,000 days, about 400 years (20 Katuns).
19 The face of the god of number 19; the number of katuns that have elapsed since the end of the last baktun.
Katun 7,200 days, about 20 years (20 Tuns).
7 The face of the god of number 7; the number of tuns that have elapsed since the end of the last katun.
Tun 360 days, slightly less than a year (18 Uinals).
15 The face of the god of number 15; the number of uinals that have elapsed since the end of the last tun.
Uinal 20 days, the length of a Haab month or of a Veintena cycle.
6 The face of the god of number 6; the number of days that have elapsed since the end of the last uinal.
Kin One day, the basic unit of Maya timekeeping.
11 The face of the god of number 11; the day number in the Trecena.
Cimi The day of the Veintena; here, the day of death.
G9 The Lord of the night.
Glyph F Always found with the Lords of the Night glyphs; it probably means something like “G9 is the burden of ??”, ?? being whatever god is named by the F glyph.
9 The face of the god of number 9; the day of the Haab month.
Kankin The current month of the Haab.


Mayabg, captioned version, fully annotated
The expanded display.

Explanation of Additional Information

Most of the information shown is covered in the The Mayan Calendar pages, so I won’t cover it here. 


Show/Hide Caption Bar

This is what allows you to obtain a more informative display of the stela window.
Without Caption Bar With Caption Bar
Mayabg display, normal version without caption Mayabg display, full captioned version


Show/Hide Taskbar Button

This is what allows you to run mayabg without a button taking up space in your taskbar; note that after changing this option, you must restart mayabg


Display Left/Right/Center, Display Left/Right Edge

By default, mayabg centers itself in your desktop window both horizontally and vertically. If you choose “Display Left” or “Display Right” from the menu, then mayabg will still center itself vertically, but will center itself in the appropriate half of the desktop.  Choosing “Display Left Edge” or “Display Right Edge” will set the left or right edge of the stela against the right or left edge of the desktop.


3-D Stone Bitmaps

This menu selection allows you to choose the three-dimensional, “stone” style of wallpaper Ahaw. The types of glyphs used as wallpaper are common to both mono and 3-D styles. 


Color Bitmaps

This menu selection allows you to choose the standard, black-and-white, monochrome style of wallpaper Ahaw. The types of glyphs used as wallpaper are common to both color and 3-D styles.


Tile, Stretch, or Center Wallpaper

Selecting one of these determines how your Mayan wallpaper is used.  Multiple glyphs can be tiled across the desktop, a single glyph can be centered or centered and stretched.



 

Initial Series

Selecting one of these determines how your Mayan wallpaper is used.  Multiple glyphs can be tiled across the desktop, a single glyph can be centered or centered and stretched.


About

Selecting this item pops up the About window, giving credits & copyrights.


Help

Now, how did I get here?


Exit

Exits mayabg, which will save your current settings in the registry.


Samples of the Wallpaper Glyphs

Color 3-D Color 3-D Color 3-D
Veintena (’Ahaw) Trecena (13) Trecena, Head v. (13)
Ahaw Ahaw 13 13 13 13
Lords of the Night (G9) Haab Month (Pax) Haab Day (0)
G9 G9 Pax Pax 0 0
Haab Day, Head v. (Seating) Patron Gods (Venus) Initial Series (Pop)
Seating or zero Seating or zero Venus Venus Initial Series for Pohp with Jaguar Patron Initial Series for Pohp with Jaguar Patron

Selecting “None” as your wallpaper will allow you to use any other wallpaper with the stela.  Mayabg co-operates well with Wallpaper Changer, for example.

Note: Some browsers remap the colors of the 3-D images so that the 3-D effect is lost. The images under the “3-D” column are supposed to have an engraved effect, as if they were carved in stone. They’ll show up fine when used as wallpaper on your Windows workstation, but download one of the 3-d images and set it as wallpaper by hand just to make sure.


Chronology of Mayan Civilization

Chronology of Mayan civilization, from BCE 9000 to CE 1700 (from before 0.0.0.0.0 to 12.0.0.0.0)

 From Scientific American, August, 1986.


References

  1. Morley, Sylvanus Griswold, An Introduction to the Study of the Mayan Hieroglyphics, Bulletin 57 of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, U. S. Government Printing Office, 1915 (Dover reprint).
  2. Closs, Michael P., ed., Native American Mathematics, University of Texas Press, 1986.
  3. Lounsbury, Floyd G., “Maya Numeration, Computation, and Calendrical Astronomy”, in Dictionary of Scientific Biography, ed., Charles Coulston Gillespie, Vol. 15, Supplement 1 (1978), Scribners, 1978, pp 759-818.
  4. Thompson, J. Eric, “Maya Chronology: Glyph G of the Lunar Series”, in American Anthropologist n. s. 31, 1929, pp. 223-31.
  5. Taube, Karl and Miller, Mary, The Gods and Symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya, Thames and Hudson, 1993.
  6. Harris, John F. and Stearns, Stephen K., Understanding Maya Inscriptions: A Hieroglyph Handbook, The University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania,1992.
  7. Thompson, J. Eric S., Maya Hieroglyphic Writing (Third Edition), University of Oklahoma Press, 1971. (Most of the head-variant glyphs used in the display were adapted from here.)
  8. Lounsbury, Floyd G., “Formulae for Maya Calendrical Computations”, Item 124 in the Readings Available list, Kinko’s Copies, 2901C Medical Arts, Austin TX,

Troubleshooting

There’s very little that can go wrong (famous last words). The one problem you might run into is that when mayabg starts up, the desktop is not tiled with your chosen glyph but has a single glyph centered on the desktop. To fix this, just go to your control panel, double-click the “Display” icon and select the “Background” tab; near the bottom of the panel, select the “Tile” checkbox, then click “Apply”. That should result in your glyph being tiled all over your desktop window.

Display properties, Background tab

If you are using the Microsoft Plus! Pack, or running NT, then also make sure that you don’t have the “stretch to fit screen” option on, either (this option is also in the “Display” properties, under the “Plus!” tab; it is the bottom checkbox):

Display properties, Plus! tab





Unless, of course, that’s what you want.  Using the color bitmaps as a tiled background results in a pretty busy screen.   Setting the “Stretch desktop wallpaper...” option is more bearable.  Still, I prefer the engraved appearance, myself.


Changing Your “BITS” Directory:

You can change the location of your “bits” directory only by editing the registry, under

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\God N Locomotive Works\MayaBG\CurrentVersion\Bitmaps]

I’ve supplied a .reg file which you can edit, in notepad (for example), and double-click to change the directory.  However, you really should not need to do this if you followed the installation instructions.  By default, the Bits directory is where the application runs from, and it will write the location into the registry absent instructions to do otherwise.


How to Contact the Author

TERMS AND CONDITIONS:
NO WARRANTY

BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.

IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
However, if you find any bugs, send me mail and explain in as much detail as you can exactly what you were doing and how to reproduce the problem. The clearer you are in your description, the quicker I can respond.
e-mail:
www: http://www.pauahtun.org
anonymous ftp: www.pauahtun.org

If you use mayabg and find it useful, tell me and tell your Mayanist friends.  You must have a lot of those.

Ivan Van Laningham


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